The Social Security Systems must be further expanded as a key part of security. But the systems developed during the last seventy years in high income countries may not be applicable and certainly not payable all over the world as it is already under heavy economic pressure in high income countries to find sustainable financing e.g. of pension schemes.
In a globalised, urbanised and mobile modern society, former social structures in families and villages are often fragile or no more in place. Will Asian and African countries implement social welfare states as in Europe with pension funds, health insurance, unemployment schemes, or will it be different, reflecting different value-priorities?
With the boom of elderly homes as an answer to the ageing of societies such as in China and with Covid-19 pandemic and its boom of jobless people exposed to health without health insurance, the questions becomes even more important for a global world in balance.
Innovative models of social security will be needed. It includes social protection for workers in the ‘non-standard forms of employment’ (informal sector, temporary workers), decoupling of social protection from employment and policy innovations for social insurances.
Thoughts from my book “Globalance. Ethics Handbook for a Balanced World Post-Covid.
Christoph Stückelberger, with a Preface by Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker. Geneva, Globethics.net Focus Series No. 57, 2020.
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